Marriage record of Gaspar Garcia & Thomasa Sanchez

Marriage Record of Gaspar Garcia Montemayor and Thomasa Sanchez de la Garza.
“México matrimonios, 1570-1950”, database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCKF-PFL : 17 February 2020), Gaspar Garzia, 1739.
GS Film Number 605179
Digital Folder Number 4509505

This is the marriage record of Gaspar Garzia Montemayor and Thomasa Sanchez de la Garza.Their marriage took place on the 11 January 1739 in Sagrario Metropolitano, Monterrey, Nuevo Reino de Leon. It states that Gaspar Garzia (Garcia) is from el Valle de Guaxuco (Guajuco). He is the legitimate son of Bernardo Garzia and Maria de Montemaior (Montemayor).

Thomasa Sanchez de la Garza (española) is a neighbor of the city of Monterrey. She is the legitimate daughter of Melchor Sanchez and Ramona de la Garza, both Spaniards (españoles).

The witnesses are Joseph Antonio Rodriguez and Juan Pablo Ballejo (Vallejo). The priest/padre is Juan Baez Treviño.

Gaspar Garcia is a direct descendant of Baltazar Castaño de Sosa and a descendant of Governor don Diego de Montemayor.

Marriage Record of Manuel Perez and Teresa Perez

Marriage Record of Manuel Perez and Teresa Perez, my 2nd great-grandparents, who were married in Lampazos, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, on April 14, 1877. The parents of Manuel Perez were Jose Maria Perez and Francisca Galindo. Teresa Perez parents were Pedro Perez and Francisca Garza.

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México matrimonios, 1570-1950,” database, FamilySearch(https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JCKL-65V : 10 February 2018), Manuel Peres and Teresa Peres, 14 Apr 1877; citing San Juan Bautista,Lampazos De Naranjo,Nuevo Leon,Mexico, reference ; FHL microfilm 605,568, 605,576, 605,577.

The text reads as follows:

“En la Iglesia Parroquial de la Villa de Lampazos a los catorce (14th) dias del mes de Abril del año de mil ochocientos setenta y siete. Yo el Presbitero Jose de Jesus Garcia Fernandez, Cura propio de esta Parroquia previas los tres moniciones conciliares que los fueron los dias once, diez y ocho, y veintiuno de Marzo del corriente año, case y vele in facie Ecclesiae a Don Manuel Perez, soltero de la edad de diez y ocho (18) años, vecino de esta Villa, hijo legitimo de Don Jose Maria Perez y de Doña Francisca Galindo, con Doña Teresa Perez, doncella de quince (15) años de edad de la misma vencindad, hija legitima de Don Pedro Perez y Doña Francisca Garza, fueron testigos de este matrimoñio Don Cristobal Perez y Don Jesus Santos, lo que para constancia firmo.

Jose de Jesus Garcia Fernandez”

Map of Nuevo Reino de Leon and Nuevo Santander

For those in search of a map that includes Nuevo Leon, Nuevo Santander, and the Mexican coast look no farther.  The following map can be acquired from the Spanish Archives (Archivos de Espana).  The link below will lead you to the website.

http://pares.mcu.es/

The PARES (Portal de Archivos Espanoles) will appear, click on the Busqueda Sencilla. Once you click on it type “Mapa de Nuevo Leon” or whatever subject you might be researching in Buscar.  A list of different archives will appear, click on “Mapas, planos, documentos iconográficos y documentos especiales“, then different records will appear.

The map posted here is under “Mapa de las provincias del Nuevo Santander, Nuevo Reino de Leon y Costa del Seno Mexicano”. This map was created in July 25, 1795.

mapa Nuevon Leon, Nuevo Santander, y costa de seno

 

For those interested in the history of Texas and Northeastern Mexico make sure to get your hands on this detailed book, Texas and Northeastern Mexico, 1630-1690. It was written by Juan Bautista Chapa, also known as the “Anonymous Author”. This book was first published until 1909.20190108_152056.jpg

In this account, Chapa reveals to us the history and colonization of Northeastern Mexico and Texas. He also included the struggles between the settlers and indigenous tribes.

We also find the only account of the Spanish expeditions that took place in the 1660s against the Cacaxtle Indians.

Included in this book is a list and locations of over 300 Indian tribes, the vegetation, wildlife, and climate of the area during the 17th century.

This is a translated article of Identidad y Memoria de Santa Catalina, Nuevo Leon written by Antonio Guerrero Aguilar. The original article can be found on the following website, http://identidadymemoriadesantacatarina.blogspot.com/2015/06/el-capitan-lucas-garcia.html

Lucas Garcia is my 10th great grandfather and I also descend from him directly, as well as through other lineages. The words in red are my addition to the text.

On June 3, 1624, Lucas García asked to revalidate the titles that were lost during the assault of Huajuco and Colmillo. The founder of Santa Catarina was originally from Portugal. His date of birth is unknown, son of Baltazar Castaño de Sosa and Inés Rodríguez (don Diego de Montemayor’s daughter). At a young age, he moved to New Spain and was present at the foundation of the Villa de Santiago del Saltillo in 1577 (his father, don Baltazar, was one of the founder’s of la Villa de Santiago del Saltillo). He participated in war and pacification actions alongside Alberto del Canto, Diego de Montemayor (Lucas’s maternal grandfather), and Manuel de Mederos. He reached the rank of captain. He married Juliana de Quintanilla and they formed an integrated family of eleven children.

For more information on Baltazar Castaño de Sosa click on Castaño de Sosa…Basque?

captain Lucas Garcia

Statue of Captain Lucas Garcia in Santa Catalina, Nuevo Leon.

Lucas and his family were one of the twelve families who accompanied Diego de Montemayor in the founding of the Metropolitan City of Our Lady of Monterrey on September 20, 1596. He was granted the lands that were between Saltillo and Monterrey that received the name of Santa Catalina and it became a hacienda due to the good lands and the water that flowed out of the Boca del Potrero de Santa Catalina. On November 20, 1596, due to the orographic conditions, important silver veins were soon located that allowed the development of the hacienda. According to oral tradition, the hacienda of Santa Catalina was established in the place known as El Mármol, located on República Street behind an estate known as La Muralla.

On May 31, 1624, Indian caciques Huajuco and Colmillo attacked the hacienda of Santa Catalina. They burned the big house, the warehouses and the deeds of the property of the hacienda were lost, for that reason they had to move the big house near where the temple of Santa Catarina currently is. Captain Lucas García learned the native languages ​​and for the good treatment that he gave to the native tribes, the ethnic nations called him “the captain of peace”. He was a councilman of Monterrey in 1599, 1601, 1605 and 1606. Ordinary Mayor of Monterrey in 1602, 1603, 1607, 1611, 1624, 1627 and 1628. In 1616 he was appointed Procurator of the New Kingdom of León. He died between 1630 and 1631.

Baltazar Castaño de Sosa is my direct 11th great grandfather. In other words, from father to son, my paternal lineage. Although I descend from him in other lineages within my family history, I find this ancestor of mine quite unique.

While investigating my ancestry, I took two DNA test, one from 23andme, and the second one from Family Tree DNA. The results are very identical and they almost match. But much to my surprise the results from 23andme revealed to me to which haplogroups I belong to. A haplogroup is a genetic population group of people who share a common ancestor on the patriline or the matriline. I will share my ancestry results in a youtube video at a later time.

So my paternal haplogroup is R-M153, which is of Basque origin and my maternal haplogroup is J1b, which is of Middle-Eastern origin, possibly of Jewish heritage!

Basque!! I had no idea! I was in shock! Maybe that explains why I feel such a connection with the Pyrenees Mountains. Soon I will travel to the land of my fathers, the Basque Country.

This leads to me Baltasar Castaño de Sosa. As I stated at the beginning, Baltasar is my 11th great grandfather and this new DNA discovery also makes him of Basque heritage. During my research on Baltazar, I have found numerous information stating that he was a New Christian. A New Christian was a person who practiced a different faith, like Judaism and Islam, but later converted to the Catholic faith. These conversions were forced or voluntary. In other words, the Church could take possession of the individual’s land, titles, and/or expulsed the individual if he/she refused to convert. If a person did not convert he or she could also be tortured and executed. Some converted but would still practice their true faith in secret.

This could have been the story of Baltazar’s family. He could have had relatives that were New Christians. Not much is known of his parents or other relatives. I have yet to found any information about his parents and so to state that they were New Christians is very unclear.

Here is what is known about Baltazar Castaño de Sosa:

According to David T. Raphael, in his book The Conquistadores and Crypto-Jews of Monterrey, Baltazar was born in Portugal, since Portugal was under the control of Spain at that time in history. According to Carl LaurenceDuaine, author of With All Arms, declares that Baltazar was born in Tampico, Nueva España. His place of birth is uncertain.

It is believed that Baltazar and Gaspar Castaño de Sosa were brothers.

Baltasar was one of the sixteen founders of Saltillo, also known as the Villa de Saltillo. He received his land grant from Alberto del Canto in 1577. He also served as councilman for the municipality of Saltillo. He married Ines Rodriguez, who was the daughter of don Diego de Montemayor, Governor of the Nuevo Reino de Leon.

He had three sons: Lucas Garcia, Diego Rodriguez, and Alonso Rodriguez. I descend from all three sons but I descend directly from the Capitan Lucas Garcia.

Now that Lucas Garcia is mentioned, I have found it difficult to figure out as to why he took the Garcia surname. In the book, Familias de Santa Catarina, written by Antonio Guerrero Aguilar, is a piece of evidence as to why Lucas was given or chose the Garcia surname. In page 30, according to the informant, Hidelbrando Garza, states that Lucas took the Garcia surname from his maternal grandmother. His maternal grandparents were Diego Rodriguez and Ines Garcia.

This is long and will be a challenge but my goal is to find out Baltazar’s parents and his paternal ancestors and to find other direct descendants of Capitan Baltazar Castaño de Sosa. Anyone interested in this journey is welcome to join and contact me with any questions or information.

“Today, more than ever, citizens demand with good reason that moral and ethical principles be upheld and that exemplariness presides over our public life. And the king, as the head of state, must not only be an example but also a servant to that just and legitimate demand of the citizens.”

“Hoy, más que nunca, los ciudadanos demandan con toda razón que los principios morales y éticos inspiren -y la ejemplaridad presida- nuestra vida pública. Y el Rey, a la cabeza del Estado, tiene que ser no sólo un referente sino también un servidor de esa justa y legítima exigencia de los ciudadanos.”

-Felipe VI de Borbon y de Grecia, Rey de España

 

The Escamillas of Nuevo Leon, Mexico

The Escamilla branch, my maternal lineage, that I descend from comes from Cienega de Flores, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. My maternal grandfather is the son of the renown Brigadier General Juan Escamilla Garza, who fought in the Mexican Revolution and in the Civil War of Nicaragua (1926-1933).

Brigadier General Juan Escamilla is the son of Pedro Escamilla Lozano and Teofila Garza Garcia. On April 30,1881, in Cienega de Flores, Pedro Escamilla Lozano married Teofila Garza Garcia. Pedro was a “propietario” which is a landlord or landowner and Teofila Garza’s parents were also landowners according to the marriage record.

Pedro Escamilla Lozano is the son of Jose Antonio Escamilla Arrambide and Maria Rita Lozano Quiroga.

Jose Antonio Escamilla Arrambide is the son of Pedro Jose Escamilla de la Garza and Gregoria Arrambide Galvan.

Pedro Jose Escamilla de la Garza is the son of Cayetano Flaminio Escamilla Trevino and Maria Leocadia de la Garza Morales. Cayetano and Leocadia were married on Feburary 2, 1781 in Salinas Victoria, N. L, Mexico.

Cayetano’s parents are Juan Antonio de Escamilla Martinez and Juana Aurelia Trevino Martinez.

The Escamilla’s of Nuevo Leon descend from  Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla and from his brother Diego Perez de Escamilla. Francisco and Diego are both listed as españoles, Spaniards.

Along with his brother, Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla is among one of the early founders of  La Villa de Cadereyta.  The Escamilla brothers were from Tepetitlan which is in the state of Hidalgo and settled in the Nuevo Reino de Leon.

On January 25, 1636, Francisco Perez de Escamilla entered the Nuevo Reino de Leon. He brought with him his wife and sons, personal servants, Indians, sheep and goats, 150 mares,  and cattle to the New Kingdom of Leon. He received a land grant from Governor Martin de Zavala in Cerralvo on April 27, 1636.¹

Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla had four sons:

  1. Francisco Perez de Escamilla ( El Mozo). He married Leonor de Ayala. Leonor de Ayala is a descendant of Alonso de Estrada, Royal Treasurer of New Spain and illegitimate son of Ferdinand the Catholic according to some sources.
  2. Miguel de Escamilla
  3. Joaquin de Escamilla
  4. Luis de Escamilla

The wife of Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla is unknown.

francisco perez de escamilla civil

francisco perez de escamilla land grant

From the book: El Nuevo Reino de Leon y Monterrey: A traves de 3000 documentos (en sintesis) del Ramo Civil del Archivo Municipal de la Ciudad 1598-1705. Author: Israel Cavazos Garza.

 

¹Garmendia-Leal, Guillermo, Origen de los Fundadores de Cadereyta (1635-1763). 1st edition, 1993. 1, 3.

 

 

Adolfo de la Huerta was a politician and interim President of Mexico from June 1 to November 30, 1920. As Governor of the state of Sonora, he led the Revolution of Agua Prieta that put an end to the presidency of Venustiano Carranza. Carranza was killed during the revolt and then de la Huerta was appointed interim President by Congress. Adolfo De la Huerta started a revolt in 1923 against President Álvaro Obregón and denounced as corrupt after Obregon endorsed Calles as his successor[i].

 Obregón crushed the rebellion and forced De La Huerta into exile. Obregón ordered the execution of every rebel officer with a rank higher than a major and among those higher ranks were General Salvador Alvarado and Coronel Escamilla.  Escamilla received a letter from General Gabriel Carvallo who was the General of the Division on July 20th, 1924 in a place known as Palenque, Chiapas advising him that he, Escamilla, was made a General.

In the month of June 1923, Coronel Escamilla had joined Gen. Salvador Alvarado in Yucatan. Gen. Alvarado was governor of Yucatan during 1915 through 1918 and he was also the Supreme Leader of the Constitutionalist army of the states of Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan and of Chiapas. In his journal, General Juan Escamilla mentions that Gen. Alvarado is betrayed by one of his men known as Gen. Aparicio.

Gen. Aparicio had set an ambush for Alvarado and his only way to annihilate the threat was to misguide him and his troops. As Alvarado and Dr. Casanova were on their way to El Hormiguero a soldier of Gen. Aparicio indicate them that Gen. Vivanco was waiting for them in a certain location when suddenly a machine gun was heard and both men were killed.

Moments later Escamilla, Carvallo and his men are being fired upon and Aparicio demands their surrender.  As the gunfight is going on Carvallo is shot in the leg and the mastermind behind the ambush is shot in the stomach and on his back.   Alvarado was ambushed while fleeing from Obregon’s force at El Hormiguero, which is between Tenosique, Tabasco, and Palenque, in the state of Chiapas and was killed on 10 June 1924.  Days later after suffering a greater loss of men to the forces of Obregon, Escamilla and Carvallo gather some of their men and went into exile in Guatemala.

 

[i]            General Juan Escamilla, “Datos de la Campana del Ano de 1923 en Favor de Don Adolfo de la Huerta,” Property of Escamilla Family, 5.

[ii]           Ibid., 7.

 

 

Understanding History?

siegessaule-berlin-landmark-sky-64726.jpegWe live in a time where understanding history is of utmost importance since it appears that far too many individuals lack the knowledge and willingness to discover it.  I mean no insult with such a statement but let us look at reality. We have a generation that really does not know it’s own history.

Some of today’s youth maybe never heard of the Holocaust that happened in Germany under the evil reign of Hitler and the Third Reich which target Jews and other minority. Have you maybe forgotten the million upon million of civilian murdered because of communism? Communism is estimated to have murdered at least 100 million people according to the book The Black Book Of Communism, written by several professors and researchers and publishing by Havard University Press.

Not to my surprise, there are individuals that have declared that socialism is the “idealistic” form of government for our time. Um, No it is not!! Let me ask you this? Have you bothered to look at the countries where socialism is currently the “idealistic” form of government? I’m guessing you have only looked that the leaders that sit in power and you have seen their luxurious lifestyle thinking that that is the product or reward of socialism. Maybe just maybe you might have turned a blinded eye to the people that are under such oppression.  In my view, Socialism is Communion disguised with manners but yet it has the same outcome in the end. If Socialism is so great then why are other people wanting to move to the United States of America which is a capitalist country?

History is not just about dates, historical figures, and ideologies. It is about where we come from and where we are going as a society and as individuals.  Are we learning from it or are we repeating the same errors that our predecessors committed? Sir Winton Churchill once said,

          “Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it.”

Are we failing to comprehend or are we simply just ignoring the lessons learned from previous generations? Or is it simply that we do not care enough for future generations? Has it occurred to us that we might be feeding our defenseless children to the wolves?  I mean defenseless as in them not knowing or lacking the knowledge thereof.  I am not here saying that we need to rewrite history. What I am stating is that we must look at our past and learn from it and teach our future generations proper history.

 

 

Uribeño

Uribeno 1

Uribeno, Tx., looking over into Mexico. May 09,2010.

Easy Genealogy?

Throughout my years of researching my ancestry, I have come to acquire knowledge of the people before me. I have to give credit to the authors of many genealogical and historical books that have helped me along my exploration.

It may sound easy but I say to you that once you have to start searching for documents, records, and all that comes with it is quite a challenge. What makes the search easier is that we have access to numerous records that can be found on the Family Search website.  The LDS archival records will save you a great deal of money because you do not have to travel far to look for records. I would even suggest in opening an account with them.Click on the following link to visit the website: familysearch.org.

This is my advice for you, if you hit a dead-end do not lose hope. Sometimes you will find out that the records are truly due to several reasons. For example, the location of it was probably burned, flooded, or an unexpected event took place. Trust me, I know how it feels searching for an ancestor and coming up empty-handed.  I would suggest you try to find books or article explaining the history of the place and the era of where your ancestor lived. For instance, search for events that took place within the time frame your ancestor was still alive. Another excellent source that contains valuable formation is the newspapers. The newspaper can give you a great understanding of what your ancestor might have gone through or even witness.

pexels-photo-38136.jpeg

Another location that contains records are the parishes found of where your forefathers lived.  Also, search the civil registries.  Both of these places will help you discover information about your ancestor.  Death records, especially in the civil registries, will reveal the cause of death of the person you are searching for. It might even include relatives that signed the death record of the deceased.

I would like for you to be cautious if you have an Ancestry account. Although Ancestry.com does have a great deal of information, you can find some misleading information or family trees. A few month ago, I found that someone had placed my great-grandfather living in the mid-1700s.  I was like how in the world does that happen? There must have been some sort of time travel! Here are just a few hints to help you out:

  • Be organize.
  • Cite your source: Record what you found and where. Cite the book, article, website, and etc.
  • Make duplicates of primary documents.
  • Create folders or binders for different branches of your family tree.
  • Create a research log to help you remember what you searched and what resources you used.

Lastly, when facing the dead-end wall go back to the last source you have and look for more evidence which may lead you in a different route. Best of luck and God bless!

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