“Today, more than ever, citizens demand with good reason that moral and ethical principles be upheld and that exemplariness presides over our public life. And the king, as the head of state, must not only be an example but also a servant to that just and legitimate demand of the citizens.”

“Hoy, más que nunca, los ciudadanos demandan con toda razón que los principios morales y éticos inspiren -y la ejemplaridad presida- nuestra vida pública. Y el Rey, a la cabeza del Estado, tiene que ser no sólo un referente sino también un servidor de esa justa y legítima exigencia de los ciudadanos.”

-Felipe VI de Borbon y de Grecia, Rey de España

 

The Escamillas of Nuevo Leon, Mexico

The Escamilla branch, my maternal lineage, that I descend from comes from Cienega de Flores, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. My maternal grandfather is the son of the renown Brigadier General Juan Escamilla Garza, who fought in the Mexican Revolution and in the Civil War of Nicaragua (1926-1933).

Brigadier General Juan Escamilla is the son of Pedro Escamilla Lozano and Teofila Garza Garcia. On April 30,1881, in Cienega de Flores, Pedro Escamilla Lozano married Teofila Garza Garcia. Pedro was a “propietario” which is a landlord or landowner and Teofila Garza’s parents were also landowners according to the marriage record.

Pedro Escamilla Lozano is the son of Jose Antonio Escamilla Arrambide and Maria Rita Lozano Quiroga.

Jose Antonio Escamilla Arrambide is the son of Pedro Jose Escamilla de la Garza and Gregoria Arrambide Galvan.

Pedro Jose Escamilla de la Garza is the son of Cayetano Flaminio Escamilla Trevino and Maria Leocadia de la Garza Morales. Cayetano and Leocadia were married on Feburary 2, 1781 in Salinas Victoria, N. L, Mexico.

Cayetano’s parents are Juan Antonio de Escamilla Martinez and Juana Aurelia Trevino Martinez.

The Escamilla’s of Nuevo Leon descend from  Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla and from his brother Diego Perez de Escamilla. Francisco and Diego are both listed as españoles, Spaniards.

Along with his brother, Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla is among one of the early founders of  La Villa de Cadereyta.  The Escamilla brothers were from Tepetitlan which is in the state of Hidalgo and settled in the Nuevo Reino de Leon.

On January 25, 1636, Francisco Perez de Escamilla entered the Nuevo Reino de Leon. He brought with him his wife and sons, personal servants, Indians, sheep and goats, 150 mares,  and cattle to the New Kingdom of Leon. He received a land grant from Governor Martin de Zavala in Cerralvo on April 27, 1636.¹

Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla had four sons:

  1. Francisco Perez de Escamilla ( El Mozo). He married Leonor de Ayala. Leonor de Ayala is a descendant of Alonso de Estrada, Royal Treasurer of New Spain and illegitimate son of Ferdinand the Catholic according to some sources.
  2. Miguel de Escamilla
  3. Joaquin de Escamilla
  4. Luis de Escamilla

The wife of Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla is unknown.

francisco perez de escamilla civil

francisco perez de escamilla land grant

From the book: El Nuevo Reino de Leon y Monterrey: A traves de 3000 documentos (en sintesis) del Ramo Civil del Archivo Municipal de la Ciudad 1598-1705. Author: Israel Cavazos Garza.

 

¹Garmendia-Leal, Guillermo, Origen de los Fundadores de Cadereyta (1635-1763). 1st edition, 1993. 1, 3.

 

 

Adolfo de la Huerta was a politician and interim President of Mexico from June 1 to November 30, 1920. As Governor of the state of Sonora, he led the Revolution of Agua Prieta that put an end to the presidency of Venustiano Carranza. Carranza was killed during the revolt and then de la Huerta was appointed interim President by Congress. Adolfo De la Huerta started a revolt in 1923 against President Álvaro Obregón and denounced as corrupt after Obregon endorsed Calles as his successor[i].

 Obregón crushed the rebellion and forced De La Huerta into exile. Obregón ordered the execution of every rebel officer with a rank higher than a major and among those higher ranks were General Salvador Alvarado and Coronel Escamilla.  Escamilla received a letter from General Gabriel Carvallo who was the General of the Division on July 20th, 1924 in a place known as Palenque, Chiapas advising him that he, Escamilla, was made a General.

In the month of June 1923, Coronel Escamilla had joined Gen. Salvador Alvarado in Yucatan. Gen. Alvarado was governor of Yucatan during 1915 through 1918 and he was also the Supreme Leader of the Constitutionalist army of the states of Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan and of Chiapas. In his journal, General Juan Escamilla mentions that Gen. Alvarado is betrayed by one of his men known as Gen. Aparicio.

Gen. Aparicio had set an ambush for Alvarado and his only way to annihilate the threat was to misguide him and his troops. As Alvarado and Dr. Casanova were on their way to El Hormiguero a soldier of Gen. Aparicio indicate them that Gen. Vivanco was waiting for them in a certain location when suddenly a machine gun was heard and both men were killed.

Moments later Escamilla, Carvallo and his men are being fired upon and Aparicio demands their surrender.  As the gunfight is going on Carvallo is shot in the leg and the mastermind behind the ambush is shot in the stomach and on his back.   Alvarado was ambushed while fleeing from Obregon’s force at El Hormiguero, which is between Tenosique, Tabasco, and Palenque, in the state of Chiapas and was killed on 10 June 1924.  Days later after suffering a greater loss of men to the forces of Obregon, Escamilla and Carvallo gather some of their men and went into exile in Guatemala.

 

[i]            General Juan Escamilla, “Datos de la Campana del Ano de 1923 en Favor de Don Adolfo de la Huerta,” Property of Escamilla Family, 5.

[ii]           Ibid., 7.

 

 

Understanding History?

siegessaule-berlin-landmark-sky-64726.jpegWe live in a time where understanding history is of utmost importance since it appears that far too many individuals lack the knowledge and willingness to discover it.  I mean no insult with such a statement but let us look at reality. We have a generation that really does not know it’s own history.

Some of today’s youth maybe never heard of the Holocaust that happened in Germany under the evil reign of Hitler and the Third Reich which target Jews and other minority. Have you maybe forgotten the million upon million of civilian murdered because of communism? Communism is estimated to have murdered at least 100 million people according to the book The Black Book Of Communism, written by several professors and researchers and publishing by Havard University Press.

Not to my surprise, there are individuals that have declared that socialism is the “idealistic” form of government for our time. Um, No it is not!! Let me ask you this? Have you bothered to look at the countries where socialism is currently the “idealistic” form of government? I’m guessing you have only looked that the leaders that sit in power and you have seen their luxurious lifestyle thinking that that is the product or reward of socialism. Maybe just maybe you might have turned a blinded eye to the people that are under such oppression.  In my view, Socialism is Communion disguised with manners but yet it has the same outcome in the end. If Socialism is so great then why are other people wanting to move to the United States of America which is a capitalist country?

History is not just about dates, historical figures, and ideologies. It is about where we come from and where we are going as a society and as individuals.  Are we learning from it or are we repeating the same errors that our predecessors committed? Sir Winton Churchill once said,

          “Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it.”

Are we failing to comprehend or are we simply just ignoring the lessons learned from previous generations? Or is it simply that we do not care enough for future generations? Has it occurred to us that we might be feeding our defenseless children to the wolves?  I mean defenseless as in them not knowing or lacking the knowledge thereof.  I am not here saying that we need to rewrite history. What I am stating is that we must look at our past and learn from it and teach our future generations proper history.

 

 

Uribeño

Uribeno 1

Uribeno, Tx., looking over into Mexico. May 09,2010.

Easy Genealogy?

Throughout my years of researching my ancestry, I have come to acquire knowledge of the people before me. I have to give credit to the authors of many genealogical and historical books that have helped me along my exploration.

It may sound easy but I say to you that once you have to start searching for documents, records, and all that comes with it is quite a challenge. What makes the search easier is that we have access to numerous records that can be found on the Family Search website.  The LDS archival records will save you a great deal of money because you do not have to travel far to look for records. I would even suggest in opening an account with them.Click on the following link to visit the website: familysearch.org.

This is my advice for you, if you hit a dead-end do not lose hope. Sometimes you will find out that the records are truly due to several reasons. For example, the location of it was probably burned, flooded, or an unexpected event took place. Trust me, I know how it feels searching for an ancestor and coming up empty-handed.  I would suggest you try to find books or article explaining the history of the place and the era of where your ancestor lived. For instance, search for events that took place within the time frame your ancestor was still alive. Another excellent source that contains valuable formation is the newspapers. The newspaper can give you a great understanding of what your ancestor might have gone through or even witness.

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Another location that contains records are the parishes found of where your forefathers lived.  Also, search the civil registries.  Both of these places will help you discover information about your ancestor.  Death records, especially in the civil registries, will reveal the cause of death of the person you are searching for. It might even include relatives that signed the death record of the deceased.

I would like for you to be cautious if you have an Ancestry account. Although Ancestry.com does have a great deal of information, you can find some misleading information or family trees. A few month ago, I found that someone had placed my great-grandfather living in the mid-1700s.  I was like how in the world does that happen? There must have been some sort of time travel! Here are just a few hints to help you out:

  • Be organize.
  • Cite your source: Record what you found and where. Cite the book, article, website, and etc.
  • Make duplicates of primary documents.
  • Create folders or binders for different branches of your family tree.
  • Create a research log to help you remember what you searched and what resources you used.

Lastly, when facing the dead-end wall go back to the last source you have and look for more evidence which may lead you in a different route. Best of luck and God bless!

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