Map of Nuevo Reino de Leon and Nuevo Santander

For those in search of a map that includes Nuevo Leon, Nuevo Santander, and the Mexican coast look no farther.  The following map can be acquired from the Spanish Archives (Archivos de Espana).  The link below will lead you to the website.

The PARES (Portal de Archivos Espanoles) will appear, click on the Busqueda Sencilla. Once you click on it type “Mapa de Nuevo Leon” or whatever subject you might be researching in Buscar.  A list of different archives will appear, click on “Mapas, planos, documentos iconográficos y documentos especiales“, then different records will appear.

The map posted here is under “Mapa de las provincias del Nuevo Santander, Nuevo Reino de Leon y Costa del Seno Mexicano”. This map was created in July 25, 1795.

mapa Nuevon Leon, Nuevo Santander, y costa de seno


This is a translated article of Identidad y Memoria de Santa Catalina, Nuevo Leon written by Antonio Guerrero Aguilar. The original article can be found on the following website,

Lucas Garcia is my 10th great grandfather and I also descend from him directly, as well as through other lineages. The words in red are my addition to the text.

On June 3, 1624, Lucas García asked to revalidate the titles that were lost during the assault of Huajuco and Colmillo. The founder of Santa Catarina was originally from Portugal. His date of birth is unknown, son of Baltazar Castaño de Sosa and Inés Rodríguez (don Diego de Montemayor’s daughter). At a young age, he moved to New Spain and was present at the foundation of the Villa de Santiago del Saltillo in 1577 (his father, don Baltazar, was one of the founder’s of la Villa de Santiago del Saltillo). He participated in war and pacification actions alongside Alberto del Canto, Diego de Montemayor (Lucas’s maternal grandfather), and Manuel de Mederos. He reached the rank of captain. He married Juliana de Quintanilla and they formed an integrated family of eleven children.

For more information on Baltazar Castaño de Sosa click on Castaño de Sosa…Basque?
captain Lucas Garcia

Statue of Captain Lucas Garcia in Santa Catalina, Nuevo Leon.

Lucas and his family were one of the twelve families who accompanied Diego de Montemayor in the founding of the Metropolitan City of Our Lady of Monterrey on September 20, 1596. He was granted the lands that were between Saltillo and Monterrey that received the name of Santa Catalina and it became a hacienda due to the good lands and the water that flowed out of the Boca del Potrero de Santa Catalina. On November 20, 1596, due to the orographic conditions, important silver veins were soon located that allowed the development of the hacienda. According to oral tradition, the hacienda of Santa Catalina was established in the place known as El Mármol, located on República Street behind an estate known as La Muralla.

On May 31, 1624, Indian caciques Huajuco and Colmillo attacked the hacienda of Santa Catalina. They burned the big house, the warehouses and the deeds of the property of the hacienda were lost, for that reason they had to move the big house near where the temple of Santa Catarina currently is. Captain Lucas García learned the native languages ​​and for the good treatment that he gave to the native tribes, the ethnic nations called him “the captain of peace”. He was a councilman of Monterrey in 1599, 1601, 1605 and 1606. Ordinary Mayor of Monterrey in 1602, 1603, 1607, 1611, 1624, 1627 and 1628. In 1616 he was appointed Procurator of the New Kingdom of León. He died between 1630 and 1631.

The Escamillas of Nuevo Leon, Mexico

The Escamilla branch, my maternal lineage, that I descend from comes from Cienega de Flores, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. My maternal grandfather is the son of the renown Brigadier General Juan Escamilla Garza, who fought in the Mexican Revolution and in the Civil War of Nicaragua (1926-1933).

Brigadier General Juan Escamilla is the son of Pedro Escamilla Lozano and Teofila Garza Garcia. On April 30,1881, in Cienega de Flores, Pedro Escamilla Lozano married Teofila Garza Garcia. Pedro was a “propietario” which is a landlord or landowner and Teofila Garza’s parents were also landowners according to the marriage record.

Pedro Escamilla Lozano is the son of Jose Antonio Escamilla Arrambide and Maria Rita Lozano Quiroga.

Jose Antonio Escamilla Arrambide is the son of Pedro Jose Escamilla de la Garza and Gregoria Arrambide Galvan.

Pedro Jose Escamilla de la Garza is the son of Cayetano Flaminio Escamilla Trevino and Maria Leocadia de la Garza Morales. Cayetano and Leocadia were married on Feburary 2, 1781 in Salinas Victoria, N. L, Mexico.

Cayetano’s parents are Juan Antonio de Escamilla Martinez and Juana Aurelia Trevino Martinez.

The Escamilla’s of Nuevo Leon descend from  Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla and from his brother Diego Perez de Escamilla. Francisco and Diego are both listed as españoles, Spaniards.

Along with his brother, Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla is among one of the early founders of  La Villa de Cadereyta.  The Escamilla brothers were from Tepetitlan which is in the state of Hidalgo and settled in the Nuevo Reino de Leon.

On January 25, 1636, Francisco Perez de Escamilla entered the Nuevo Reino de Leon. He brought with him his wife and sons, personal servants, Indians, sheep and goats, 150 mares,  and cattle to the New Kingdom of Leon. He received a land grant from Governor Martin de Zavala in Cerralvo on April 27, 1636.¹

Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla had four sons:

  1. Francisco Perez de Escamilla ( El Mozo). He married Leonor de Ayala. Leonor de Ayala is a descendant of Alonso de Estrada, Royal Treasurer of New Spain and illegitimate son of Ferdinand the Catholic according to some sources.
  2. Miguel de Escamilla
  3. Joaquin de Escamilla
  4. Luis de Escamilla

The wife of Alf. Francisco Perez de Escamilla is unknown.

francisco perez de escamilla civil

francisco perez de escamilla land grant

From the book: El Nuevo Reino de Leon y Monterrey: A traves de 3000 documentos (en sintesis) del Ramo Civil del Archivo Municipal de la Ciudad 1598-1705. Author: Israel Cavazos Garza.


¹Garmendia-Leal, Guillermo, Origen de los Fundadores de Cadereyta (1635-1763). 1st edition, 1993. 1, 3.



Adolfo de la Huerta was a politician and interim President of Mexico from June 1 to November 30, 1920. As Governor of the state of Sonora, he led the Revolution of Agua Prieta that put an end to the presidency of Venustiano Carranza. Carranza was killed during the revolt and then de la Huerta was appointed interim President by Congress. Adolfo De la Huerta started a revolt in 1923 against President Álvaro Obregón and denounced as corrupt after Obregon endorsed Calles as his successor[i].

 Obregón crushed the rebellion and forced De La Huerta into exile. Obregón ordered the execution of every rebel officer with a rank higher than a major and among those higher ranks were General Salvador Alvarado and Coronel Escamilla.  Escamilla received a letter from General Gabriel Carvallo who was the General of the Division on July 20th, 1924 in a place known as Palenque, Chiapas advising him that he, Escamilla, was made a General.

In the month of June 1923, Coronel Escamilla had joined Gen. Salvador Alvarado in Yucatan. Gen. Alvarado was governor of Yucatan during 1915 through 1918 and he was also the Supreme Leader of the Constitutionalist army of the states of Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan and of Chiapas. In his journal, General Juan Escamilla mentions that Gen. Alvarado is betrayed by one of his men known as Gen. Aparicio.

Gen. Aparicio had set an ambush for Alvarado and his only way to annihilate the threat was to misguide him and his troops. As Alvarado and Dr. Casanova were on their way to El Hormiguero a soldier of Gen. Aparicio indicate them that Gen. Vivanco was waiting for them in a certain location when suddenly a machine gun was heard and both men were killed.

Moments later Escamilla, Carvallo and his men are being fired upon and Aparicio demands their surrender.  As the gunfight is going on Carvallo is shot in the leg and the mastermind behind the ambush is shot in the stomach and on his back.   Alvarado was ambushed while fleeing from Obregon’s force at El Hormiguero, which is between Tenosique, Tabasco, and Palenque, in the state of Chiapas and was killed on 10 June 1924.  Days later after suffering a greater loss of men to the forces of Obregon, Escamilla and Carvallo gather some of their men and went into exile in Guatemala.


[i]            General Juan Escamilla, “Datos de la Campana del Ano de 1923 en Favor de Don Adolfo de la Huerta,” Property of Escamilla Family, 5.

[ii]           Ibid., 7.



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